How To Eq A Lavalier Microphone ?
Lavalier microphones, or lapel mics, are an essential tool for any sound engineer. They are small, unobtrusive mics that can be clipped onto clothing, allowing a speaker to be heard without being constrained by a microphone stand or boom arm. But while they provide great convenience, they can also be tricky to EQ. To ensure that a lavalier mic sounds its best, it's important to know how to properly EQ it.
1. Start with the Right Settings – Before attempting to EQ a lavalier mic, it's important to start with the right settings. Choose a microphone with a frequency response that is suited to the application, as this will make the EQing process much easier. Also, be sure to set the appropriate input level for the microphone. This can be adjusted on the microphone itself or on the recording device.
2. Boost the Highs – One of the most common problems with lavalier mics is that they can sound dull and muffled. To combat this, it's important to boost the high frequencies. Start by boosting the 5-10 kHz range and then adjust as needed. This will help the lavalier mic cut through the mix and give it a more natural sound.
3. Cut the Lows – The low frequencies are another common problem with lavalier mics. To reduce the presence of these frequencies, it's important to use a low cut filter. Start by cutting the frequencies below 200 Hz and then adjust as needed. This will help to reduce any low frequency rumble or noise that may be present.
4. Use Compression – Compression is a great tool for controlling the dynamics of a lavalier mic. Start by setting a ratio of 2:1 and then adjust the threshold and release settings as needed. This will help to even out the levels and make the lavalier mic sound more consistent.
5. Use a De-Esser – De-essing is a great tool for reducing any sibilant sounds that may be present in a lavalier mic. Start by setting the frequency of the de-esser to around 5 kHz and then adjust the threshold and release settings as needed. This will help to reduce any harsh sibilant sounds that may be present.
By taking the time to properly EQ a lavalier mic, sound engineers can ensure that the mic sounds its best. It's important to start with the right settings and then make adjustments as needed. Boosting the highs and cutting the lows, using compression, and using a de-esser can all help to improve the sound of a lavalier mic. With the right EQ settings, a lavalier mic can sound great and make a speech or performance stand out.